Book chapters


Childlessness

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Childlessness in Finland

By Anna Rotkirch and Anneli Miettinen
In Childlessness in Europe: Contexts, Causes, and Consequences, edited by Michaela Kreyenfeld & Dirk Konietzka, Springer. ISBN 978-3-319-44665-3; ISBN 978-3-319-44667-7(eBook); DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-44667-7

Assisted Reproductive Technology in Europe:
Usage and Regulation in the Context of Cross-Border Reproductive Care

By Patrick Präg and Melinda C. Mills
In Childlessness in Europe: Contexts, Causes, and Consequences, edited by Michaela Kreyenfeld & Dirk Konietzka, Springer. ISBN 978-3-319-44665-3; ISBN 978-3-319-44667-7(eBook); DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-44667-7

About the book:
This open access book provides an overview of childlessness throughout Europe. It offers a collection of papers written by leading demographers and sociologists that examine contexts, causes, and consequences of childlessness in countries throughout the region.The book features data from all over Europe. It specifically highlights patterns of childlessness in Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Finland, Sweden, Austria and Switzerland. An additional chapter on childlessness in the United States puts the European experience in perspective. The book offers readers such insights as the determinants of lifelong childlessness, whether governments can and should counteract increasing childlessness, how the phenomenon differs across social strata and the role economic uncertainties play. In addition, the book also examines life course dynamics and biographical patterns, assisted reproduction as well as the consequences of childlessness. Childlessness has been increasing rapidly in most European countries in recent decades. This book offers readers expert analysis into this issue from leading experts in the field of family behavior. From causes to consequences, it explores the many facets of childlessness throughout Europe to present a comprehensive portrait of this important demographic and sociological trend.

Posted February 21 2017 - Link to publisher

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Why Fewer Babies?
Understanding and Responding to Low Fertility in Europe

By Maria Letizia Tanturri
In Contemporary Issues in Family Studies: Global Perspectives on Partnerships, Parenting and Support in a Changing World, edited by Angela Abela and Janet Walker. Hoboken, NJ, USA: Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN: 978-1-119-97103-0

About the book:
This volume tackles key issues in the changing nature of family life from a global perspective, and is essential reading for those studying and working with families.
– Covers changes in couple relationships and the challenges these pose; parenting practices and their implications for child development; key contemporary global issues, such as migration, poverty, and the internet, and their impact on the family; and the role of the state in supporting family relationships
– Includes a stellar cast of international contributors such as Paul Amato and John Coleman, and contributions from leading experts based in North Africa, Japan, Australia and New Zealand
– Discusses topics such as cohabitation, divorce, single-parent households, same-sex partnerships, fertility,  and domestic violence
– Links research and practice and provides policy recommendations at the end of each chapter [Wiley]

Posted November 25 2016 - Link to publisher

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Early childcare, child cognitive outcomes,
and inequalities in the United Kingdom

By Daniela Del Boca, Daniela Piazzalunga and Chiara Pronzato
In Childcare, Early Education and Social Inequality: An international perspective, edited by Hans-Peter Blossfeld, Nevena Kulic, Jan Skopek and Moris Triventi. Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishing. ISBN: 978 1 78643 208 7 (Print) 978 1 78643 209 4 (Online)

About the book:
Recognising that social change over recent decades has strengthened the need for early childhood education and care, this book seeks to answer what role this plays in creating and compensating for social inequalities in educational attainment.
Compiling 13 cross-national and multi-disciplinary empirical studies on three inter-related topics, this book explores how families of different social background decide between types of childcare, how important parental care and resources at home are for children’s educational success and the consequences of early education and care for children’s diverging educational destinies. Analysing an area currently neglected in sociological research, expert contributors employ the most recent country-specific longitudinal datasets in order to provide an up-to-date portrayal of the patterns and mechanisms of early educational inequality.
With its extended analytical window ranging from short to long-term educational outcomes this book will undoubtedly appeal to students and scholars in the fields of childcare, education and social inequality. It also contains important suggestions and evidence for practitioners and policymakers trying to combat inequality in educational opportunities. [EEP]

Posted October 11 2016 - Link to publisher

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Familiengründung und Migration: Aussiedlerinnen und türkischstämmige Migrantinnen im Vergleich

By Michaela Kreyenfeld and Sandra Krapf
In Die transformative Macht der Demografie, edited by Tilman Mayer. Wiesbaden: Springer VS. ISBN: 978-3-658-13165-4 (Print) 978-3-658-13166-1 (Online)

About the book:
Demografische Erkenntnisse, vorgetragen von den namhaftesten Vertretern nicht nur der Bevölkerungswissenschaft, fundieren die Grundkenntnisse von Soziologie, Ökonomie, Politikwissenschaft, Geschichtswissenschaft. Das Buch ist ein Plädoyer für eine noch stärkere Beachtung der Demografie in der Politik. Es stellt eine Art Bilanz dar aus sechs Jahrestagungen der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Demografie.Demografie ist vielleicht nicht unser Schicksal, aber erfasst uns alle. Dem Umbruch der ganzen Gesellschaft wie die Veränderungen im Mikroprozess der Familie kann man sich nicht entziehen. Die elementaren Veränderungsprozesse haben gesellschaftliche wie politische Folgewirkungen. [Springer]

Posted August 17 2016 - Link to publisher

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Aging Italy: Low Fertility and Societal Rigidities

By Maria Letizia Tanturri
In Low Fertility, Institutions, and their Policies, pp. 221-257, edited by Ronald R. Rindfuss and Minja Kim Choe. New York: Springer. ISBN: 978-3-319-32995-6 (Print) 978-3-319-32997-0 (Online)

About the book:
This volume examines ten economically advanced countries in Europe and Asia that have experienced different levels of fertility decline. It offers readers a cross-country perspective on the causes and consequences of low birth rates and the different policy responses to this worrying trend. The countries examined are not only diverse geographically, historically, and culturally, but also have different policies and institutions in place. They include six very-low-fertility countries (Austria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Italy, Spain, and Taiwan) and four that have close to replacement-level fertility (United Kingdom, Norway, Canada, and France). Although fertility has gone down in all these countries over the past 50 years, the chapters examine the institutional, policy, and cultural factors that have led some countries to have much lower fertility rates than others. In addition, the final chapter provides a cross-country comparison of individual perceptions about obstacles to fertility, based on survey data, and government support for families. This broad overview, along with a general introduction, helps put the specific country papers in context. As birth rates continue to decline, there is increasing concern about the fate of social welfare systems, including healthcare and programs for the elderly. This book will help readers to better understand the root causes of such problems with its insightful discussion on how a country’s institutions, policies, and culture shape fertility trends and levels. [Springer]

Posted July 8 2016 - Link to publisher

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Structuration of the life course: Some neglected aspects

By Gunhild O. Hagestad, Pearl A. Dykstra
In Handbook of the life course, Volume II, second edition, pp. 131-157, edited by Michael J. Shanahan, Jeylan T. Mortimer, and Monica Kirkpatrick Johnson. New York: Springer. ISBN: 9781447318996

About the book:
Building on the success of the 2003 Handbook of the Life Course, this second volume identifies future directions for life course research and policy. The introductory essay and the chapters that make up the five sections of this book, show consensus on strategic “next steps” in life course studies. These next steps are explored in detail in each section: Section I, on life course theory, provides fresh perspectives on well-established topics, including cohorts, life stages, and legal and regulatory contexts. It challenges life course scholars to move beyond common individualistic paradigms. Section II highlights changes in major institutional and organizational contexts of the life course. It draws on conceptual advances and recent empirical findings to identify promising avenues for research that illuminate the interplay between structure and agency. It examines trends in family, school, and workplace, as well as contexts that deserve heightened attention, including the military, the criminal justice system, and natural and man-made disaster. The remaining three sections consider advances and suggest strategic opportunities in the study of health and development throughout the life course. They explore methodological innovations, including qualitative and three-generational longitudinal research designs, causal analysis, growth curves, and the study of place. Finally, they show ways to build bridges between life course research and public policy. [Springer]

Posted February 17 2016 - Link to publisher

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Father involvement with young children in contemporary Italy (Chapter 3)

By Elisabetta Ruspini and Maria Letizia Tanturri
In Father Involvement In The Early Years. An international comparison of policy and practice, edited by Marina A. Adler and Karl Lenz. ISBN: 9781447318996

About the book:
Fatherhood is in transition, as men try to balance being both active and involved fathers while meeting the demands of the workplace. This book explores these challenges in the context of cross-national policies and the influences of these policies on the daily childcare practices of fathers. Highlighting the increasing interest in the enduring impact of early life experience, the contributors present the most up-to-date research on father involvement with young, preschool-age children in six countries—Finland, Germany, Italy, Slovenia, the United Kingdom, and the United States—offering insight into the effects of different national policies related to parenting in general and fathers in particular. [Policy Press at the University of Bristol]

Posted January 21 2016 - Link to publisher