Databases produced / extended by contribution of the FamiliesAndSocieties project


Title: ELFAC Survey on the Conditions of Large Families (LargeFamilies)

Produced by: ELFAC (Pau Serra del Pozo [also, Inst. for the Advanced Studies on the Family, International University of Catalonia] and Iwona Sztajner). Also contributed: Livia Sz. Oláh (Stockholm University, Sweden)

Contents: This dataset comprises answers of an online survey launched by the European Large Families Confederation (ELFAC) on the living conditions of large families in Europe in 2015. Over 7800 large families participated from 26 European countries. The objectives of the survey were two-fold: 1) To shed more light on a family type that is little known in Europe, the large families (their structure and how they live, some of their motivations for having three or more children, etc.); 2) To assess whether family policies meet the need of large families. For detailed information on the survey structure and the questionnaire see FamiliesAndSocieties Working Paper 80(2017). It is the hope of the European Large Families Confederation that the data will be widely analysed providing important information for policy makers to improve the lives of large families and enhance societal well-being. The data are available in xls-format.
Data claim: Researchers who wish to analyze the data are welcome to contact Mr. Raul Sánchez, General Secretary of ELFAC (

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Title: European Union Family Policy Dataset (EUFamPol)

Produced by: Stockholm University Demography Unit (Gerda Neyer, Li Ma, Nora Sanchez Gassen – SUDA,
and Arianna Caporali – INED)

Contents: This data set comprises family-policy related preparatory acts and legislation at the European Union level. The data were retrieved from EUR-lex spanning the period from the 1974 to 2015. Complete words, word stems, part of words, or combinations of words were used in title search and in text search to retrieve the documents. EUR-lex provided codes and checks of the original texts were applied to eliminate non-relevant documents. The dataset includes family-policy related legally binding acts (regulations, directives and decisions) and preparatory acts (COM) issued by the European Commission that are relevant for all member states of the European Union (excluding documents directed only to one country). To facilitate an update of the database we maintained the information provided in EUR-LEX (status: 2015) for each document extended by information on the search process for each entry. The database is available in xls-format.

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Title: The LawsAndFamilies Database – Aspects of legal family formats for same-sex and different-sex couples

Produced by: Leiden Law School at Leiden University in the Netherlands (Kees Waaldijk, Natalie Nikolina, Giuseppe Zago, Daniel Damonzé) together with INED (the Institut national d’études démographiques) in France (Marie Digoix, Arianna Caporali, Kamel Nait Abdellah)

Contents: The LawsAndFamilies Database is published by INED as part of a website that also contains statistical and sociological data and analysis about same-sex families. The core of the database is the interactive part where all legal data can be found. The LawsAndFamilies Database covers a range of legal issues, divided over six sections (Formalisation, Income & troubles, Parenting, Migration, Splitting up, Death). At its start in 2017 the database contains information about 21 European countries, for all years since 1965. The user can specify which countries should be selected, and which of the 69 legal issues, which of the 6 legal family formats (marriage, registered partnership, cohabitation; same-sex and/or different-sex), and which years. The results and downloads give an overview of the relevant legal data, and contain links to 138 authored source papers where the complete answers (with legal references and explanations) can be found. These answers have been given by selected legal experts in the different countries, who agreed to answer the LawsAndFamilies Questionnaire (created by Kees Waaldijk together with José María Lorenzo Villaverde, Natalie Nikolina and Giuseppe Zago). The answers for the first 21 countries were given in 2015 or 2016, and were reviewed and adjusted in a peer review process.

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Title: Data set to: Assisted Reproductive Technologies in Europe. Policies, norms, and values

Produced by: University of Oxford (Patrick Präg, Melinda C. Mills)

Contents: This country-level data set comprises 1) policy information and 2) information about norms and values regarding partnership, family, and childbearing, with a special focus on assisted reproduction for forty mostly European countries. The data set draws on policy reports from the International Federation of Fertility Societies (IFFS) Surveillance reports (1998–2013) and information collected from large-scale cross-national surveys—the European Values Study (EVS), the World Values Survey (WVS), the Eurobarometer (EB), and the European Social Survey (ESS)—from 1981 onwards. An extensive data manual provides basic descriptive statistics as well as methodological details such as question wording for the data set.

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Title: Collection of Family Policies of the Population Europe Resource Finder and Archive (PERFAR)

Produced by: Max Planck Society for the Advancement of Science

Contents: The family policies available on PERFAR build upon the collection originally developed by the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research in the framework of the Population and Policy Database (PPD). During 2014, the data collection methods were revised and within the framework of FamiliesAndSocieties, the collection of family policies has been revised and updated. The fields of childcare, family allowances, parental leave and maternity protection have been updated and in addition, three new fields were also included (marriage, registered partnership and divorce).

Data on family policies have been updated for Denmark, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Poland, Spain and the United Kingdom, and newly provided for Austria, Belgium, Estonia, Finland, Hungary, Italy, Romania, Sweden and Switzerland.

In total, the family policy section of PERFAR provides users with detailed information on 1,023 regulations and a general description of the family policies in each of the countries covered. These provide a brief introduction to the current state of the policy field in a country from a comparative perspective, as well as basic information on past developments and national peculiarities. For all documents the major implications of the law, its coverage, a field for additional comments and clarifications, and suggestions for further readings are also provided.

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