Working Papers

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Working paper 23(2014)

Families with disabled children in different European countries

By Paola Di Giulio, Dimiter Philipov, and Ina Jaschinski

Abstract: This report focuses on the effect of the presence of a disabled child in a family and in particular on its demographically relevant consequences in a comparative framework. Couples who rear a disabled child are more frequently unstable, more often forego their fertility intentions, more frequently suffer from economic difficulties, show more traditional gender role arrangements, are more frequently in bad health, and have lower well-being than families without disabilities. The consequences are also different for mothers and fathers: fathers of disabled children have fewer emotional exchanges, while mothers tend to suffer more in terms of social contact.

Posted December 1 2014 - Read more

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Working paper 22(2014)

Non-resident parent-child contact after marital dissolution and parental repartnering: Evidence from Italy

By Silvia Meggiolaro and Fausta Ongaro

Abstract: With the diffusion of marital instability, the number of children who spend some of their childhood without one of their parent has become not negligible even in Italy. In this paper we consider the frequency of contact between children and their non-resident parent after separation with a double aim: a) to analyze the impact of parental repartnering on non-resident parent’s contact with their children; b) to investigate whether these effects are differentiated according to the sex of non-resident parent. Results show that the repartnering of parents reduces the non-resident parent-child contact only in the case of non-resident father; in the case of a non-resident mother, repartnering actually increases contact.

Posted September 22 2014 - Read more

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Working paper 21(2014)

Children’s time use and family structure in Italy

By Letizia Mencarini, Silvia Pasqua and Agnese Romiti

Abstract: A wide range of sociological and psychological studies have shown that children have different cognitive and behavioural outcomes depending on whether they grow up in intact or non-intact families. These gaps may be attributable to differences in the amounts of time and money parents invest in their children, which can in turn result in differences in the amount of time children invest in educational activities. In this paper, we investigate whether children who live with a single parent devote more or less time to reading and studying at home than children who live with both parents. We use data from the Italian Time Use Survey. Focusing on children between five and 18 years old, our analysis shows that living in a single-parent household reduces the amount of time children devote to reading and studying.

Posted September 22 2014 - Read more

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Working paper 20(2014)

Early child care and child outcomes: the role of grandparents
Evidence from the Millennium Cohort Study

By Daniela Del Boca, Daniela Piazzalunga and Chiara Pronzato

Abstract: In this paper, we focus on the impact of early grandparents’ care on child cognitive outcomes, in the short and medium term, using data from the Millennium Cohort Study (UK). Compared with children looked after in a formal care centre, children cared by grandparents (as well as parents) are better in naming objects, but worse in tests concerning basic concepts development, problem-solving, mathematical concepts and constructing ability. These results hide strong heterogeneities: on the one hand, the positive association between family care and child outcomes is stronger for children in more advantaged households; on the other hand, the negative association is significant only for children in more disadvantaged households. In order to assess a causal link between early care and child outcomes, we employ panel methods and instrumental variables techniques. The results we obtain confirm the cross section results.

Posted September 22 2014 - Read more

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Working paper 19(2014)

Intergenerational Transmission of Divorce – the Swedish Trend

By Michael Gähler and Juho Härkönen

Abstract: We analyze birth cohort patterns in the intergenerational transmission of divorce and family dissolution in Sweden. It is well known that parental separation is associated with a higher risk of own divorce, but less is known whether these associations have changed or remained stable over time. There are strong theoretical reasons to expect changes in this pattern, but there are only few empirical studies, partly due to the lack of appropriate data. We use population register data from six birth cohorts (born 1950-75) of Swedish men and women to study cohort patterns in the intergenerational transmission of divorce and family dissolution during a time of rapid family and social change. Our findings show no trend over the birth cohorts.

Posted September 22 2014 - Read more

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Working paper 18(2014)

Report on the futures task force workshop

By Dimiter Philipov, Ina Jaschinski, Jana Vobecká, Paola Di Giulio, and Thomas Fent

Abstract: The Futures task force workshop in the framework of the forward looking activities in the FamiliesAndSocieties FP7 project was designed with the purpose to provide information on the scope of family-related issues that refer to a foresight view on the family in Europe. 25 stakeholders and 12 project participants expressed their opinion on four pre-designed questions formulated along a SWOT (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats) framework. The Workshop delivered a long list of notes and recommendations. These notes served as generator of ideas which brought to the front several important topics.

Posted September 3 2014 - Read more

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Working paper 17(2014)

Household choices and child development

By Daniela Del Boca, Christopher Flinn and Matthew Wiswall

Abstract: The growth in labour market participation among women with young children has raised concerns about its implications for child cognitive development. We estimate a model of the cognitive development process of children nested within an otherwise standard model of household behaviour. Our empirical results indicate that both parents’ time inputs are important for the cognitive development of their children, particularly when the child is young. Money expenditures are less productive in terms of producing child quality.

Posted August 12 2014 - Read more


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Working paper 16(2014)

Methodological report: measurement of education-specific mating squeeze

By Yolien De Hauw, Francesca Piazza and Jan Van Bavel

Abstract: A long-standing theory in family demography points out that marriage rates for both men and women are affected by the number of suitable marriage partners available in the local marriage market. In its most basic form, the marriage squeeze hypothesis holds that marriage prospects are lower if the number of unmarried persons of the desired age is low. We propose to update the concept of the marriage squeeze in ways that make it more relevant for partnership and family formation today. This paper reviews ways of measuring the education-specific mating squeeze.

Posted August 12 2014 - Read more


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Working paper 15(2014)

Parental Divorce During Childhood in Sweden: Changed Experience, Unchanged Effect

By Michael Gähler and Eva-Lisa Palmtag

Abstract: During the last century, the proportion of children and adolescents who have experienced a parental divorce or separation has increased dramatically, in Sweden and elsewhere. Vast research has shown that children in these families fare less well than children in intact families, both in the short and in the long run and on a number of outcomes. Much less is known about whether parental divorce means the same for children and adolescents today as it did a century ago. We find no evidence of magnitude change in the association between parental divorce/separation and two child outcomes, psychological well-being and educational attainment.

Posted August 12 2014 - Read more


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Working paper 14(2014)

A Comparative Study on Partnership Dynamics among Immigrants and Their Descendants

By Tina Hannemann, Hill Kulu, Amparo González-Ferrer, Ariane Pailhé,
Leen Rahnu, and Allan Puur

Abstract: This study investigates union formation and dissolution among immigrants and their descendants in four European countries with different migration histories and welfare state policies (United Kingdom, Estonia, France and Spain). The analysis shows a significant variation in partnership trajectories across migrant groups in some countries and similar union trajectories for some migrant groups in different countries.

Posted August 12 2014 - Read more


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Working paper 13(2014)

Report: Country-Specific Case Studies on Partnership Dynamics Among Immigrants and Their Descendants

Introduction: Hill Kulu
Estonia: Leen Rahnu, Allan Puur, Luule Sakkeus, and Martin Klesment
France: Ariane Pailhé
Switzerland: Andrés Guarin and Laura Bernardi
United Kingdom: Tina Hannemann and Hill Kulu
Sweden: Kirk Scott, Gunnar Andersson and Ognjen Obucina
Spain: Amparo González-Ferrer, Marta Séiz, Teresa Castro-Martín, and Teresa Martín-Garcia

Abstract: This report consists of six case studies on partnership trajectories among immigrants and their descendants by comparing their patterns to those of the ‘native’ population. The countries that are included in the analysis are Estonia, France, Switzerland, United Kingdom, Sweden and Spain. The analysis shows significant differences in partnership formation and dissolution between immigrants, their descendants and the ‘native’ population in all six countries.

Posted August 12 2014 - Read more Part 1

Read more Part 2

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Working paper 12(2014)

Coping strategies under uncertain, precarious employment conditions in Switzerland

By Doris Hanappi, Valérie-Anne Ryser, and Laura Bernardi

Abstract: This report provides insights on childbearing decisions seen as outcomes of coping strategies in work and family reconciliation under economic uncertainty and precariousness within the single-country setting, Switzerland.

Posted June 11 2014 - Read more

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Working paper 11(2014)

State-of-the art report:
The new roles of men and women and implications for families and societies

By Livia Sz. Oláh, Rudolf Richter and Irena E. Kotowska

Abstract: This report presents the main findings relevant to the research in Work Package 3: “The new roles of men and women and implications for families and societies”. It depicts the development of family forms in Europe, describes the relationship between women’s and men’s new roles and family dynamics and implications on the transition to parenthood. The report also addresses the impact of these changes on intra-family organization and on coping strategies under conditions of uncertainty and precariousness.

Posted June 11 2014 - Read more


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Working paper 10(2014)

Home Bitter Home? Gender, Living Arrangements, and the Exclusion from Home-Ownership among Older Europeans

By Daniele Vignoli, Maria Letizia Tanturri, and Francesco Acciai

Abstract: Home-ownership is the most important asset among the elderly in Europe, but in this domain very little is known about gender differences. This paper aims at exploring the link between gender, living arrangements, monetary poverty and home tenure among older Europeans, in order to identify the profiles of the elderly at a higher risk of being excluded from home-ownership.

Posted May 16 2014 - Read more


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Working paper 9(2014)

Self investments of adolescents and their cognitive development

By Daniela del Boca, Chiara Monfardini, and Cheti Nicoletti

Abstract: While a large literature has focused on the impact of parental investments on child cognitive development, very little is known about the role of child’s own investments. By using the Child Development Supplement of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, we model the production of cognitive ability of adolescents and extend the set of inputs to include the child’s own time investments.

Posted May 16 2014 - Read more


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Working paper 8(2014)

Identification of same-sex couples and families in censuses, registers and surveys

By Clara Cortina and Patrick Festy

Abstract: Enumerating same-sex couples and families is much more difficult than it may seem. A basic reason is the small size of the group, in absolute and in relative terms compared to opposite-sex couples. The purpose of this document is to evaluate the possibilities of identification of same-sex couples and families with such data sources

Posted March 24 2014 - Read more


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Working paper 7(2014)

Family policies and diversity in Europe: The state-of-the-art regarding fertility, work, care, leave, laws and self-sufficiency

Edited by Olivier Thévenon and Gerda Neyer

Abstract: This document provides an overview over existing knowledge of key policy issues related to families and societies in Europe.

 

Posted March 24 2014 - Read more


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Working paper 6(2014)

State-of-the-art report
Changes in the life course

By Ariane Pailhé, Dimitri Mortelmans, Teresa Castro, Clara Cortina Trilla, Marie Digoix, Patrick Festy, Sandra Krapf, Michaela Kreyenfeld, Vicky Lyssens-Danneboom, Teresa Martín-García, Wilfried Rault, Olivier Thévenon, Laurent Toulemon

Abstract: The dynamics of family formation and disruption have changed in contemporary societies. This report contains a comprehensive literature overview of state-of-the-art knowledge about the dynamics of the development of family constellations and non-standard families.

Posted March 24 2014 - Read more

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Working paper 5(2013)

State-of-the-art report
A Family-Related Foresight Approach

By Paola di Giulio, Thomas Fent, Dimiter Philipov, Jana Vobecká and Maria Winkler-Dworak

Abstract: This report discusses the substantive and methodological background for the construction and application of a family-related foresight method.

 

Posted November 20 2013 - Read more


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Working paper 4(2013)

State-of-the-art report
Effects of family forms and dynamics on children’s well-being and life chances: literature review

By Fabrizio Bernardi, Juho Härkönen, and Diederik Boertien, with Linus Andersson Rydell, Kim Bastaits, and Dimitri Mortelmans

Abstract: In this report, we review literature on the effects of family forms and dynamics on children’s well-being.

Posted October 31 2013 - Read more


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Working paper 3(2013)

State-of-the-art report
Family Dynamics among Immigrants and their Descendants in Europe: Current Research and Opportunities

By Hill Kulu and Amparo González-Ferrer

Abstract: This paper reviews and evaluates recent research on family dynamics among immigrants and their descendants in Europe. While there is a large body of literature on various aspects of immigrant lives in Europe, research on family dynamics has emerged only in the last decade.

Posted October 31 2013 - Read more


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Working paper 2(2013)

State-of-the-art report
Child care arrangements: determinants and consequences

By Ylenia Brilli, Daniela Del Boca and Chiara Monfardini

Abstract: This report summarizes the most recent empirical research on the effects of non-parental and household time investments on child development. The results from the studies considering non-parental child care policies are presented taking into account the timing of the intervention.

Posted October 4 2013 - Read more


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Working paper 1(2013)

State-of-the-art report
Intergenerational linkages in families

By Pearl A. Dykstra, Thijs van den Broek, Cornelia Muresan, Mihaela Haragus,
Paul-Teodor Haragus, Anita Abramowska-Kmon, Irena E. Kotowska

Abstract: We present a state-of-the-art of the literature on linkages between generations within families. We focus specifically on intergenerational coresidence, upward and downward intergenerational transfers in families and the relationship between norms of family obligation and intergenerational transfers.

Posted October 4 2013 - Read more